The Piqua Shawnee tribe are an Algonquian-speaking that is indigenous to the north America. The native American were semi-migratory nation during the colonial times. Primarily, they occupied the areas of Ohio valley which extends to Ohio and Kentucky to the east that leads to the west Virginia , Virginia, western Maryland and Pennsylvania which leads to south Alabama and south of Carolina and west Indiana and Illinois to the united states.
The European-American pressure pushed them west where the Shawnee migrated to Kansas and Missouri and some were removed to the Indian territory that is Oklahoma, west of the river known as Mississippi river during the 1830s.
Because of the civil war some of the tribe were not able to remove themselves to Oklahoma. The Shawnee tribe is made up of different kingship and historical groups, up to date only three federally recognized Shawnee tribes are found with all the headquarters in Oklahoma which are the absentee-Shawnee tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, Shawnee tribe and Eastern Shawnee tribe of Oklahoma.
Before the Piqua Shawnee tribe came in contact with the Europeans the employed a patrilineal system that made it possible for the inheritance and descent to go through parental lines. They called their government that was ruled by kings Sachema and with those that reign through succession and should be always on the mothers side. For instance, the children of the reigning king will not take up the mantle of being king, the mantle will go to his brother or if not to his sisters children, for the cannot be a female ruler.
they cannot afford their issues become spurious therefore, they put such rules in their government to avoid them. The Piqua Shawnee tribe has five divisions which are Chillicothe, Hathawekela, Kispoko, Mekoche and Pekoni. According to its kingship the Shawnee tribe is divided into six clans in addition to the five division. spiritual value was showed by every clan which also had purpose in the overall confederacy. Each Shawnee had a name or clan and the five divisions of the Shawnee tribe and the six clans are common with one another.
The six name groups are as follows; Pellewomhsoomi that represent bird life, Kkahkileewomsoomi which represents the aquatic life, Peteko0iteewomhsoomi that represents the animals that are carnivorous, Mseewiwomhsoomi which represent the animals that are herbivorous, 0epatiiwomhsooni that represents animals that have paws and can tear or rip flesh and patekinee0iiwomhsooni which shows a peaceful and gentle nature.
Every division had a primary village where the chief of the division lived and it was named after the division. Every Piqua Shawnee clan and division had specific roles it played for the whole entire tribe.
As the Europeans started putting down the records about the Shawnee tribe, their social traditions had already started to fade.